Sunday, January 12, 2014

A Great Megalithic Entrance 'Kawtchhuah Ropui' Vangchhia, Mizoram








Source : Dr Malsawmliana, Assistant Professor, Govt. T Romana College, Aizawl

Types of Megaliths in Mizoram


Types of Megaliths in Mizoram
We found that there are four different types of megalithic structures in Mizoram. They are:
a)      Standing stones(lungphun) –either singly or in alignment (hranglungphun) 
b)       Table stones or stone seats supported by three smaller stones (Sikpui lung) 
c)      Stone platforms carrying a stone upright on top (lungdawh) 
d)     Cairns or a heap of stones (pura)
Source : Malsawmliana, 'Megalithic Monuments of Mizoram : A Descriptive Study' Ph D Thesis, 2010

Thursday, October 25, 2012

MIZO LUNGPHUN HLUI TE HI

- Malsawmliana

 

Tunhnaiah Mizoram khawchhak lama Vangchhia khaw daia hmanlai lungphun tam tak awmkhawmna ‘Kawtchhuah Ropui’ an tih mai chu Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) te’n hmun pawimawh leh humhalh ngai (Site of National Importance) atan a puang a. A lawmawm hle a ni. Heng bakah hian Mizoram sorkar pawhin 2001 khan ‘The Mizoram Ancient Monuments and Archaeological sites and Remains Act, 2001’ chu a lo pass tawh a, chumi hmang chuan ‘The Mizoram Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains rules, 2003’ chu hman a ni ta. He Rules hmang hian Mizoram chhunga hmanlai thil hlui leh historical places engemaw zat chu humhalh a ni ta a ni.
Tunhnaiah Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) te’n Vangchhia-a lungphun an humhalh tur pawh hi thil lawmawm tak leh Mizo history-a thil thleng pawimawh tak a ni. Vangchhia Lungphun chungchang hi Vanglaini, 13.8.2011-a chhuakah Pu B. Lalthangliana’n bengvarthlak takin a rawn ziak tawh a. Hmanlai Lungphunte hi Mizote kuthnu a nih leh nih lo chungchanga a ngaihdan te a rawn ziak a. Tlema lungphun danglam deuh hlek te chu hnam ang kuthnu nia kan ngai lat \inte chu pawm har a tih thu te pawh a rawn ziak a. Entirnan, East Lungar khaw bula ‘Lungvando’ chu Mizo lungphun pangngai ang a nih loh avanga hnam dang kutchhuak a nih rin tlatna te hi a awm ve bawk a. Chutiang ngaihdan chu Mizote zingah hian tun thlengin a la awm. Tin, Mizo ni lo, hnam dang kutchhuak pawh a ni thei tho bawk.
Lungphun chungchang hi tlem han tarlang ta ila. Lungphun culture (megalithic culture) hi khawvel ram dang chu sawi loh, kan chhehvela hnam dangte – Khasi, Naga etc. te hian an ching hle a, an hnam nunphungah pawimawhna a nei nasa hle a ni. Keini Mizote ai mah hian Khasi-ho chuan an nunphungah awmzia an neihtir nasa a, an uar hle. Hriatrengna lungphun piah lamah an chhungte thi tawh ruh dahna atan te leh thil dang atan an hmang \hin.
Archaeology-ah hian zirna peng hrang hrang zingah megaliths lam hi tunlaia langsar pawl tak a ni a. ‘Megaliths’ tih hi Greek tawng ‘mega’ leh ‘lithos’ atanga lak a ni a. Mega tih chu ‘lian(large)’ tih a ni a, lithos hi ‘lung’ (stone)’tihna a ni. Tichuan, megaliths tih chu lungphun lian sawina a ni a, a huhova lungphun emaw phun tlar tuarh ang hi megaliths tih hian a hawi mah zawk a, a mal din (single upright stone) hi ‘monolith’ ti a sawi a ni thung.
Engpawhnise, Vangchhia leh Lianpui leh hmun danga Mizo lungphun awmte hi a danglamna chu milem inziak te hi a pawngchhuaka ziak an ni hi a ni. Mizo lungphunte hi chi thumin an \hen a, chungte chu- engmah inziak lo (plain monument), a pawnga inziak (engraving of figures in high relief or embossing) leh thuk taka ker (engraving of figures). Heng zingah hian a pawng chhuaka ziak hi a har ber a, a ‘skill’ pawh a sang ber. Mizo lungphun (Megaliths) chungchanga research ti a kan zinkual velnaah pawh hetiang ang lungphuna milem a pawnga inziak hi a tam lo hle a, Zoram hmun hrang hrangah hian chhiar tham lek a awm. Heng lungphun a milem inziak hrang hrangte hian hmanlai kan pipute themthiam zia a tarlang a; tin, kan history chhuina atan thil tangkai tak (archaeological sources) an nih bawk avangin an hlu a, humhalh an ngai em em a ni. Hemi chungchangah hian sawi tur tam tak a awm thei awm e.
Megaliths (lungphun) hi khawvel hmun hrang hrangah hmuh tur a awm a, India hmarchhakah pawh hiana bikin Meghalaya ah hian a tam leh zual. Lungphun te hi chi hrang hrang a awm leh a, chung zinga thenkhatte chu han tarlang leh thuak thuak ila –
a) Menhir – lung phun pangngai/ a tung, hei hi lung mal din a kawk deuh
b) Alignment- hei hi a huho/a intlara lungphun sawina a ni.
c) Stonehenge – a kuala lungphun
d) Dolmen (table stone/stone seats) –a bawk a phun
e) Cairns – lung chhun pawn (stone heaps)
Heng bakah hian phun dan chi hrang hrang a tam hle a, sawi vek sen pawh a ni awm love. Heng zinga Mizorama kan neih te han tarlang ila –
a) Menhir – hei hi chu Mizo lungphun pangngai hi a ni a, a tung chho a phun ho hi a ni. Mizorama lungphun tam ber hi ‘Menhir’ a ni.
b) Alignment – Lung phun tlar hi a ni a. Hmanlaiin pasaltha te hriatrengnan lung an phu tlar thin a, chung chu ‘Hranglungphun’ an ti. Tin Mizoram hmarchhaka Lungphunlian pawh khi a piah deuhah khian a khat tawkin an inphun tlar hlawm bawk a. Hetianga lung phun tlar hi Alignment chu a ni.
c) Dolmen – hei hi a bawk/tlu a phun a ni a, a hnuaiah kamtu a awm thin. Mizoramah chuan Champhai Zote tlanga ‘Sikpui Lung’ ang hi a ni. A phek zawngin leiah an phah a, a hnuaiah lungthu pathum in an kam kang a ni. Hetiang hi khawvel hmun dangah pawh hmuh tur tamtak a awm a, amaherawhchu an phun chhan (ideology) erawh a danglam thung.
d) Cairns (kians ti a lam tur) – hei hi lung chhun pawn a ni a, a chung lamah a zuih ral thin. Mizoramah chuan Mara hnam hovin an lal hriatrengnan a an phun thin ‘Pura’ ang hi a ni awm e. Pyramid ang hian a hnuai lama a arh a, a chung lamah a zuih ral thin a ni.
Hetianga lungphun dan chi hrang hrang a awm avang leh a phun chhan pawh a inan loh nuai avang hian Lungphun hlui te atang hian a phuntute chanchin leh an nunphung, an hnam chin dan te a hriat theih a. Chuvangin lungphun(megaliths) hi history chhuina atana thil tangkai tak a ni reng a ni. Entirnan, Sikpui Lung chu Hmar ho kut pui khat ‘sikpui Roui’an hman laia an phun thin a ni a, a phun dan pawh a awm thlap a ni. Hemi chungchang hi hun remchangah ziah leh kan la tum dawn nia.
Tin, Mizo te khan an lungphun reng rengah milem an ziak nasa hle a, ziah lohna (plain monument) pawh a awm tho bawk a. Heng milem te hi a tlangpuin Sial lu, dar lem, mihring lem, puan, sava, sakawr, silai, fei, sakhi/sazuk leh thil chi hrang hrang te an ziak/ker thin a. Thil mak ve deuh mai chu Zoram khawi hmuna mi pawh hi en ila, milem inziak a awm chuan an ziah dan kalhmang hi a inang vek a ni. Khawchhaka Lianpui leh Vangchhia vela lungphuna mihring lem an ziah dan(style) leh khawtlang Pukzing daia lungphun te, South Sabual kawtchhuaha lungphun a mihring lem inziak te chu a inang vek a ni. Tin, Mizo te thlang tlak dan leh an pem zel dan (routes of migration), an khawsak tawhna (settlement pattern) te kan zir chuan Mizoram khawchhak atang hian khawtlangah an chhuk thla zel tih a lang a. Chuvangin milema thil inziah dan(style) pawh an chhawm thla zel a nih hmel. Tin, khawchhak lama lungphun te hi a tlangpuiin khawtlang lama lungphun te aiin an upa zawk niin a lang, a phuntu ni a an sawi te chanchin enin.
Tin, ‘Pura’ hi Mara hnam chenna velah hmuh tur a awm nual a, Chin Hills-ah Mara ho lo awm tawhna ah te pawh hmuh tur a la awm. Chuvangin ‘Pura’ lung atang ringawt pawh hian Mara hnam ho thlang tlak dan leh an kalkawng(routes of migration) hi a hriat theih ve riai riai a, chutiang zelin Sikpui Lung pawh Hmar ho chanchin chhui nan a tangkai bawk. Hetiang a nih avang hian lungphun hi chanchin hlui(history) chhui nan a tangkai em em a ni.

Monday, July 16, 2012

Sikpui Lung( A stone seat)

Mizo te hian hmanlai atang tawhin lungphun hi kan lo ching ve tawh a. Mitthi te hriatrengna turte, kut leh hun pui an hman thin hriatrengnan te, khaw thar kai hriatrengnan (to commemorate important and noteworthy events such as founding of villages) te, mi ropui – lal, thangchhuahpa leh pasaltha ten an hlawhtlinna leh khuang an chawi hriatrengnan (achievements of important personages such as chiefs, warriors etc) te leh thil dang atan te an phun thin. Heng zingah hian mitthi hriatrengna lungphun hi a tam ber a, kan lungphun neih te hetiang lam vek hi a ni. Tin, kan lungphun te hian hming an nei deuh zel a, a phuntute emaw an phun chhan te hming chawia phuah an ni deuh ber.
Kan sawi tak ah hian lungphun te hi thil engemaw hriatrengnan phun a ni tlangpui a, chung zingah chuan Hmar hnam peng ten Sikpui Roui an hman thin dan leh hemi tuma lung an phun thin ‘Sikpui Lung’ chungchang hi han tarlang ila. Hmar hnam pem kual dan (migratory routes) : Hmar te hi Mizo hnam zingah chuan a lian ber pawl an ni a, kum zabi 15-na leh 17-na inkar vel khan Run leh Tiau lui inkar velah an cheng tawh niin a lang , tichuan kum zabi 17-na velah Tiau lui an kan ta a. Run lui an zawh hian Ralte te nen an zawh ho ni awm tak a ni a, he hla thu atang hi chuan - “ Runtui kawi e, Ralte nu leh, Ralte pa leh Kan in kawia, Runtui kawi e” ( we winded along the meanders of Runtui with the Ralte men and women) Kum zabi 17-na hnu lama Mizoram an luh hnu hian Champhai leh a chhehvel ah te hian an inbengbel a. Tun thleng hian an lo awm tawhna khua te hian Hmar hnam hming chawiin khaw hming an neih deuh zel a, entirnan –Zote, Ngur, Chhungte, Khawzawl etc. Hemi hnuah hian Mizoram hmar lamah pem in tun thleng hian hmar lam tlang dung hi Hmar hnam ho awm tamna(concentrated areas) a lo ni ta a ni. Tin, Mizoram chhung mai piah lamah Manipur leh Assam ram chhung, Mizoram ramri dep velah te an khawsa bawk. Kum zabi 19-na bawr vel khan Manipur chhim thlang lam (south-western hills), tuna Churachandpur District ah te hian an pem lut tan a, thenkhat chu Meghalaya state chhung Jaintia Hills thleng pawha pem an awm bawk. Tin, Assam chhunga Cachar hills leh Tripura velah pawh thahnem tak an awm bawk a ni. Manipur ah rau rau chuan tunah hian Hmar hnam te hi Churachandpur District ah an tam ber. Sikpui Ruoi hi eng nge ni ? Sikpui Ruoi hi Hmar hnam te kut pui a ni a, kumtina hman erawh a ni lem lo. Kum thum chhung vel ei leh bara malsawmna an dawn a, khua in harsatna an tawh loh chuan lawmthu sawina atan he kut hi an hmang thin. Amaherawhchu, chhiatna an tawh te leh harsatna an tawh hunah te chuan he kut hi an hmang ngai lem lo. Lawmthu sawina leh hlimna lam (thanksgiving festival) a nih avangin ei leh bara an dinhmun a ziaawm lai, malsawmna an dawn lai leh hmelma lakah pawh an him lai, hun ralmuanga an awm laiin he kut hi an hmang ber thin. Thlasik laia hman thin a nih avangin a hming pawh hi Sikpui Roui tih a ni. He kut hi sakhaw biakna nen a inzawm leh lova, mipui vantlang intihhlimna kut a ni deuh ber. Mizote kut dang ang bawkin he Kut an hman dawn hi chuan Zu leh sa a tam a, an inbuatsaih nasa a, a hma thla 2/3 velah te an lo inbuatsaih lawk thin a ni. Sikpui Roui hi Hmar hnam tan chuan hun pui leh nghahhlelhawm, Hmar hnam te inpumkhatna hun a ni a, chuvangin a hlu em em a ni. Sikpui Lung Kut neih hma kar khat velah pa hovin ramhnuaiah lung phek hlai tha tak leh a nghahchhan tur lung dang pathum zawngin an vak chhuak a. Heng lung te hi an uluk em em a, mihring kut hnu leh keh awm lo, tuma tih la tih chingpen loh a ni tur a ni. Tichuan an duh ang an hmuh hnuah khua ah zawn lutin kut an hmanna turah an dah a. Kut an hman hma ni chiah ah heng lung te hi an phun ta a ni. An phun dan chu – mipa naupang kum 12-14 inkar bawr vel (kel khal rual vel an ti deuh kher thin) pahnih hi an inbuan tir a. A tlangpuiin heng naupang te hi Hmar hnam chi peng pakhat, Lungtau hnam atangin an thlang thin. Naupangte chuan an kawngah puan an vet a, tichuan an puan ven a vuan chung chuan inchawi kan an tum thin a. A khingpui kha a chawi kan theih chuan chak zawka puan a ni thin a. A han chawi kang a, leia a dah thlak leh chiah khan a chak lo zawkin lei a zuk rahna chiah kha an chhinchhiah a. Chumi hmunah tak chuan lung pakhat kha an phun ta a. Lung dang pahnih kha a bul hnaiah, lungthu ang deuhvin an phun veleh a, tichuan a chungah lungphek kha an phah ta thin a ni. Tichuan lung chu phun zawh a lo ni ta a, thuthleng anga hman theih a ni. Hetiang lungphun hi archaeological term chuan ‘stone seats’ tih a ni. Chuvangin Mizote hian megaliths chi hrang hrang zingah ‘stone seats’ hi kan lo nei ve reng a ni. Tichuan a tukah chuan Sipui Roui chu tan a ni ta a, hemi puala hla an neih ‘Sikpui hla’ chu an sa dual dual a, a then an lam bawk a – ‘Sikpui inthang kan ur laia Changtuipui aw sen mahrili kang intan ‘ Sun razula ka lei do aw, Laimi sa ang Changtuipuiin lem zo a Ke ralawna ka lei do aw Sunah sum ang, zana mei lawn invak e An tur an sa tlua ruol aw, In phawsiel le in ralfeite zuong thaw ro ‘A va ruol aw la ta che, Suonglung chunga tui zuongput kha la ta chah Hla hriltu/ Khuongpuzailak leh khuangpu te chu an lungphun/Sikpui lung chungah khan an thu a. Sikpui Lung hi kut an hman lai hi chuan serh hran a ni a, khuangpu leh hla hriltu lo chu thut ve phal a ni lo. Hla an sak lai hian an la urhsun em em a, an sak laia lo nui emaw, lo ti mai mai an awm chuan a bul atangin an tan tha leh thin a, chutiang a nih loh pawhin kut hman kha an titawp thin bawk. Chutiang khawp chuan Sikpui Roui hi Hmar hnam te hian an ngai urhsun a, an la thu tak em em a ni. Sikpui Hla an sak hian Kut an hman chhungin hmun pawimawh tak a luah a, kut hman tan dawna sak thin a nih avangin an ngai urhsun a, an kut hman dan thlengin nghawng a neiah an ngai thin. A hawnna (sikpui hla an sak zawh hian) an neih zawh hian nula leh tlangval, nutling patling te chu hlim takin an lam a, nileng zankhua in an lam ta thin a ni. Hmar hnam te hian Sikpui Roui hi engtik hun lai atanga hmang tan nge an nih tih zawhna hi chhan har tak a ni a. Amaherawhchu pawm dan tlanglawnah chuan Run lui leh Tiau lui inkar vela an khawsak hun lai, kum zabi 16-17 inkar bawr vel kha a ni hmel. HV Vara hian ‘Hmar Hla Hlui’ tih bu ah hian Sikpui Hla chi hrang hrang chang 47 vel a lakhawm a. Sikpui Hla ah hian khaw hming hrang hrang - Bualkhua, Sizawl, Hmuifang, Kelchal, Tlangzawl, Kawlchem, Khuathlo bakah Run lui leh Tiau lui hming te, ransa hming Sial etc. te a lang a. B. Lalthanghliana chuan heng khaw hming hrang hrangte hi Ru leh Tiau lui inkara khaw awm te an ni a, chuvangin an phuah laia an khaw hming hriat leh an khawsakna te an phuah tel a nih a rinawm. Chuvangin Sikpui Hla te hi Run leh Tiau lui inkara an khawsak laia an phuah a nih a rinawm’ a ti bawk. Tin, Mizo te hla hmasa (folk songs) tam tak te hi helai hmuna an awm laia phuah chhuah niin a lang bawk. Hetih lai hian L. Keivom chuan Sikpui Hla te hi Chin Hills(Burma) luh thlak hma a phuah a nih a rin thu a sawi bawk. Mizoram chhunga Sikpui Lung kan hmuh theih langsar tak pakhat chu Champhai bul, Zote khaw hluiah a awm a. He Lung bulah hian hetiang hian a inziak a, ‘HE LUNG HI HMANLAI HMAR HO SIKPUI LUNG A NI TIN KEINI KUM 28.2.1918 A HIAN KAN AWM TA - ZAHULA SAILO"(This is the Sikpui stone of the Hmars of the past and we occupied this place from 28.02.1918 - ZAHULA SAILO). Heng bakah hian tun thlengin Hmar hnam chenna laiah (Mizoram leh Manipur ah te) Sikpui Lung te hi hmuh theihin a la awm. Archaeology zirna huangah hian hetianga lungphun lam zirna hi ‘study of megaliths’ an ti a. Greek tawng ‘mega’ (lian) leh ‘lithos’ (lung) atanga lakchhuah ani a, lungphun lian emaw, lung tam tak inphun emaw sawina mai a ni a. A huhova awm sawina hi megaliths an ti mai a, a mal a ding hi monoliths an ti bawk. A zirna huangah chuan Lungphun te hi chi hrang hranga sawi thin an ni a, menhir (a ngila ding), Dolmen (lungphek bawk, a hnuaia do tu awm), alignment( a tlara phun), cairns(lung tam tak tiankhawm/chhun khawm) te leh a dang tam tak te an awm a. Mizoramah hi chuan hriat theih chinah Menhir, Dolmen, alignment leh cairns te hi a awm ve a. Mizoram chhim lama Mara hnam ten an lalte hriatrengna tura hman laia an siam thin, lung an tiankhawm ‘Phura/Pura’ an tih hi ‘cairns’ chu an ni a, tuna kan sawi lai mek Sikpui Lung hi ‘Dolmen’ a ni ve thung. Meghalaya state a Khasi te hian Dolmen chu an ngah khawp mai a, an ni ah chuan chuan mitthi puala lungphun a ni ber. Khasi ho chuan ‘dolmen’an phun hian a bulah ‘menhir’(lungphun pangngai) an phun tel ngei ngei thin a, a inkawp tlat a ni. Lungphun pangngai khan mipa(male stone) a ni a, a bawka phun(dolmen) kha hmeichhia(female stone) a ni. Anni ah chuan hetiang hriatrengna lungphun hi thlahtute biakna (ancestor worship) leh inthlah chhawnna lam entirna(procreation) a ni. Kan tarlan tak angin Mizoramah chuan ‘Dolmen’ ang chi hi kan ngah lem lova. Sikpui Lung bakah hian tunhma in Mara hnam te hian mitthi te hriatrengnan kawtchhuahah hetiang ang hi an phun ve thin a, chu chu ‘longphei/lophei’ an ti a, chumi bulaha chuan hriatrengna tur thing (wooden memorial post) ‘Thangri’ an phun tel ngei thin. Longphei hi thlan chungah an phun thin a. Lungphek an phah a, chu chu lungphek dang 4 (pali) in a sir tinah an do kang a. Longphei lungphun hi a tlangpuii ft 2/3 a sei, feet 2 a hlai leh feet chanve vela sang a ni tlangpui. Naga hnam Tangkhul te, Konyak te pawhin dolmen hi mitthi hriatrengnan an phun thin bawk. Hetianga hnamdang ten mitthi te hriatrengnan an hman thin lai hian Hmar hnam chuan hun hlimawm an hman thin ‘Sikpui Roui’ laiin an phun ve thung. - Dr Malsawmliana Thulakna te : B. Lalthangliana, Mizo Chanhin. p xxxi Ibid, p93 H. Songate, Hmar History, Imphal, 1958, p81 B. Lalthangliana, op.cit.p96 TS Gangte, The Kukis of Manipur, Gyan Publishing House, New Delhi, 1993. p34 Lalremlien Neitham ‘Sikpui-a Festival with a Difference’ an article published in remaginedreality.blogspot.com H.Zadawla ; Sikpui Ruai leh Sikpui Hla, an article (unpublished) L.Khuma Varte ‘Genesis and Exodus of the Mizos : A case study of Hmars’, as cited in Girinda Kumar(ed) ‘Geographic Vol-I’, July, 2006.p50. H.Zadawla; op.cit L.Keivom, Zoram Khawvel-1, (Aizawl, 1994)(2nd Ed), p20 HV Vara, Hmar Hla Hlui (The Hmar Folk Songs, Lyrics and Chants), Churachanpur, ICI Press, 1985(2nd Edition). B. Lalthangliana, op.cit.p31 Ibid, p92 L. Keivom, op.cit.p21 Catherine Namita Shadap Sen, The Origin and Early History of the Khasi-Synteng People, Firma KLM Pvt.Ltd. Calcutta, 1981.p24 NE Parry, The Lakhers, Firma KLM Pvt. Ltd. Calcutta, 1976.p415 Chawngkhuma Chawngthu, Mara Khawtlang Nun, Mizoram Publication Board, Aizawl.2005, p86

Sunday, May 20, 2012

Hla Chham mi

NAU RAWL

            A au riai ruai e Kawrnu iangin
            Hnuntui ngai a van ruai e;
            Sirah a thai a let reng e,
            Harh zai reng rel silovin
                Chunnu lungmawl harh zai rel lo,
                Vawkpui ianga hnar suk suk
                Manglamah eng hmu maw - U huk !
                Dawnin lung reng a awi thei lo
            Bawhar lungfing lo pau se
            Ka chuni nu a harh nan e,
            Tangah beiin min chawi sela’ng
            Hnuntui ngai tahlai ka bang ngei ang.
                Tho teh i hrai a van ruai e,
                Enchimloh tahnan a tawk ta e,
                Ka phal ne maw i hrai te hi
                Chun lo ianga vaih reng hi.

August 8, 1997(Friday)  9:30PM, Vaivakawn
 

PASALTHA

    An liam zo hmana
    Vangkhua muantu mihrang
    Sa leh rala tlan lo
    Khuatin thanghluan hrang rual

    An tawnah lal lai
    Lalvung run lian pawhin
    Nghing zai reng rel lovin
    Muangten ning zu an dawn nilen
         Ka ram ka hnam ka chi te
        An dam nan kei ti thin te
        Fam rolungmual an liam
    Aw, rauthla talin kohkir theih chang se,
    Hlan ka nuam ram riang chan hi
    Engtin ngai ang maw an sulhnu te.

    - May 17, 1998 ( Sunday) 9:00 PM , Vaivakawn

Tuesday, May 15, 2012


Memorial Stone of Lalpuithanga, a Sailo chief
Lalpuithanga Lungdawh: Lalpuithanga Lungdawh is a single upright stone along with a stone platform located at Bawngchawm in Serchhip district. It  measures about 7inches  in thickness, 8.7ft in height and 6.8ft in breadth. The platform measures about 16.3ft long and 8.2ft in breadth. The stone was erected by Lalpuithanga, a great Sailo chief. A number of pictures are engraved on all sides of the stone and a large human figure in the middle was apparently the picture of Lalpuithanga himself, shown smoking a pipe (Vaibel ) and wearing a head dress (Chhawn) depicting him as a warrior. He is also shown wearing a highly valued amber bead (Thihna) which is supposed to be worn only by the chief and rich persons[1], and spearing a man on the head with a metal spiked spear held in his right hand. Further, a number of Mithun or gayal heads and a set of gongs (Darbu) and a bigger gong (Darkhuang) were also depicted. In another corner is the figure of a large species of lizard (tangkawng or tuipuisatang) and the body of a slain man hanging downwards on the edge. A number of birds, pigs, elephants, tigers, the horns of a mithun were also carved on it. Also interesting are the engravings of two horses on other side of the stone which suggests that Lalpuithanga may have owned horses which he might have bought from the British. According to K. Laldinpuii , the stone platform was erected in his later days probably in and around 1886 AD[2]  after the first military expedition towards the Lushai hills (Vailian vawi 1-na) during 1871-1872. Nevertheless the picture of horse is noteworthy since it rarely seen in other megalithic monuments of the Mizo.
Source : Megalithic Monuments of Mizoram : A Descriptive Study' Ph D Thesis of Malsawmliana


[1] Malsawmliana, “Megalithic Monument of the Mizo - An Over view”, HJM, Vol-VI, No.1, Aizawl, 2005, p.57.

[2] K. Laldinpuii, “Lalpuithanga Sailo Lungdawh (A memorial stone platform of Lalpuithanga, Sailo Chief)”, in Sangkima(ed) A Modern History of Mizoram, Guwahati, 2004, p.77.

Sunday, April 29, 2012


Historical Sites and Monuments in Phulpui Village
Tualvungi Vawkthleng
Zawlpala leh Tualvungi Thlan
Tualvungi Vawkthleng
Zawlpala leh Tualvungi Thlan
Zawlpala leh Tualvungi Thlan